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Inguinal Hernia

When intestinal or fatty tissues push through the inguinal canal in the groin area, the condition is called inguinal hernia. Both men and women can be affected by an inguinal hernia. There are two types of inguinal hernias:

Direct inguinal hernias: occur only in adult males due to a weakness in the abdominal wall

Indirect inguinal hernias: when the hernial sac and contents traverses the inguinal canal (from the internal ring to the external ring)

Signs and symptoms

Burning sensations

Sharp pain during bending over, exercising or coughing

Fullness or heaviness of the groin

In men: swelling in the scrotum

Discomfort when standing, straining, lifting that improves with rest

Causes and risk factors

Commonly occurs in men


Prematurity at birth

Cystic fibrosis


Chronic cough


Constipation or obstructive urination

Heavy weight lifting

Standing for prolonged periods of time

Complications of inguinal hernias

Incarceration: the fatty tissue or the intestine gets stuck in the groin or scrotum and does not go back into the abdomen

Strangulation: the incarcerated hernias are left untreated; there is obstruction of blood supply to the small intestine; strangulated hernias are an emergency situation and require immediate attention.


Physical examination: the patient is asked to stand, cough and strain to see if a bulge forms

Imaging tests are not absolutely essential for the diagnosis of inguinal hernia.

Inguinal hernia is a clinical diagnosis

Ultrasound scan of the groin may be done if there is doubt in the diagnosis or if the clinical examination is inconclusive

CT scan is done in complicated inguinal hernia, if there is a doubt of obstruction or strangulation (in selected cases)


Laparoscopic hernia repair is performed as a therapeutic option for inguinal hernias. Recovery times are shorter with patients feeling less pain and discomfort. As a preventive measure, surgical repair is the only option that will avert instances of incarceration or strangulation. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has got definit advantage compared to open repair in cases of inguinal hernia on both sides and in hernias which has appeared for a second time after a previous open repair, even if it is on one side.

Dr. Deepak Varma has treated several early-stage and strangulated hernias very successfully. He is an experienced laparoscopic surgeon who can treat simple and complicated inguinal hernias through key hole surgery.