Date : 30-12-2017
Colon cancer happens when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the large intestine. Colon cancer affects the large intestine and is usually starts with polyps in the wall of the intestine. A change in the life-style with a high fiber, low fat diet can help prevent colon cancer and screening can detect it in the early stages. If you notice any symptoms of colon cancer such as blood in stool or an ongoing change in bowel habits, do not hesitate to make an appointment with the doctor.
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Rectal bleeding or blood in stool
- Changed in stool consistency
- Loose and narrow stool
- Continual urges to defecate
- Pain during bowel movements
- Abdominal pain, cramps, bloating or gas
- Weakness and fatigue
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Unexplained weight loss
Treatment depends on the type and stage of cancer and the age health status and other characteristics of the patient. Treatment involves a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery, possibly resulting in a colostomy. Treatments seek to remove the cancer and relieve any painful symptoms.
- Surgery to remove part of the colon is called a colectomy. The surgeon removes the part of the colon containing the cancer and the surrounding area.
- A stoma is an opening made in the wall of the abdomen. Waste will pass into a bag, removing the need for the lower part of the colon. This is called a colostomy
- Some small, localized cancers can be removed by endoscopy
- Laparoscopic surgery using several small incisions in the abdomen may be an option to remove larger polyps
- Palliative surgery may relieve symptoms in cases of untreatable or advanced cancers. The aim is to relieve any blockage of the colon and manage pain, bleeding and other symptoms.
- Chemotherapy administers chemicals that interfere with the cell division process by damaging proteins or DNA in order to damage and kill cancer cells.
- Radiation treatment damages and kill cancer cells by focusing high-energy gamma rays on them. Radiation may be employed if early stage rectal cancer has penetrated the wall of the rectum or travelled to nearby lymph nodes.
Some prevention measures are:
- Consuming plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Decreasing saturated fat and red meat intake
- Limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking
Dr. Deepak is one of the best gastrosurgeons in Delhi. He provides evidence based care to his patients at affordable cost. The doctor is renowned for his quest to be aware of the latest technological advancements.
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